Frost and Woolf: Tradition and Modernity

This is an essay I wrote last semester for my Ideas of the 20th Century course. The assignment was to explore two modern artists who had contrasting views about progress and modernity.  Robert Frost, a 20th century American poet, opposed the disintegration of tradition. He called for a return to…

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Rousseau and Marx on Historical Progress

This is an essay I wrote last semester for my Modern and Postmodern Philosophy class.  For Rousseau, historical progress only further removes man from his natural state of living. He argues that the cultivation of civilized studies weaken the natural virtues of men; in his Discourse on the Arts and…

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What is Enlightenment?

The Modern and Postmodern Wesleyan University Coursera    1. How did Kant define “enlightenment”? Kant defines enlightenment as “man’s release from self-incurred tutelage.” This tutelage is reliance on other people for instructions on how to conduct your life. Kant gives the example of allowing a physician to determine your diet…

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